During the 1950’s and 1960’s, the Government of Canada increased its presence by building a school in 1955, a nursing station in 1963, and other government buildings and houses ever since.
Inuit were encouraged to move permanently to the central Community of Coral Harbour from their outpost camps to obtain much needed health care, education and essential services.
The Government continues to play an important role in housing, services, health care, economic development, wildlife management and education.
In recent times, the inhabitants of the area have formed private companies to provide local services as well as outfitting and hospitality services to visitors.
Tourism has also expanded because of the Island’s rich resources. Southampton Island has a healthy population of Polar Bears, Caribou, Walrus and many others.